The term Dyslexia means difficulty with words. “Dys” means “difficulty” and “lexia” means “words.” In common terms the word Dyslexia means a disorder in psychological processes associated with reading, language processing, and learning. A person suffering from this disorder experiences difficult reading, writing, with letters, words, and numbers, as well as reversing letters and words. It is estimated that 10 to 15% of the children suffer from Dyslexia. Children with Dyslexia are confused with letters and numbers and often learn to think in pictures and images instead. There are three types of Dyslexia, Development dyslexia, Trauma dyslexia and Primary dyslexia. Development dyslexia is caused during the early stages of fetus development and is hormonal in nature. This Dyslexia decreases as a child grows up and is mostly found in boys rather than girls. Trauma Dyslexia occurs if the part of the brain that commands reading and writing abilities is injured. Primary Dyslexia does not change with age and is a malfunction in the left side of brain.
Causes of dyslexia are often hereditary in nature and are not caused by any emotional trauma. Children with Dyslexia face problems at school and this negative experience at school often causes behavior problems. The child gets frustrated due to lack of achievement and because they abstain from going to school. Dyslexic people may have some exceptional strengths. He / She may learn computers before others of similar age, and may be brighter in sports, and possess great creative abilities. Having Dyslexia does not mean that the person is dumb or mentally disturbed, they may be average or above average in intelligence. Dyslexic children are more curious than average. As an adult they may turn up being an architect, engineer, doctor, artist, or designer. With accurate diagnosis and specialized help Dyslexic people can lead a normal life and achieve great heights in their career.