Browsing: Speech Pathology

Individual Assessment for Dyslexia in Adults

Dyslexia is a difficulty in processing information or a learning disability particularly in reading, writing, dealing with numbers and sequence. Today children with this disorder are diagnosed and treated as early as possible. But years ago, dyslexia is not a known condition and a significant number of people grow up unaware that they are dyslexic. An individual assessment for dyslexia in adults is the first step to understand their condition and get the necessary help to improve the quality of their life.

There are people who grow up, got a university degree and a job without realizing that they have dyslexia. They have managed to hide and end the disabling symptoms of dyslexia. They have difficulties in simple tasks like reading, spelling, taking instructions, distinguishing left from right, taking phone messages, doing simple addition of numbers on their heads, they mix up dates and time and other symptoms of dyslexia. Even if they have managed to hide these difficulties, it is a problem affecting their own confidence leading to frustration most of the time. To know the severity of their condition and to improve the quality of their life, they need an individual assessment for dyslexia in adults.

Despite their difficulties, there are dyslexic people who are successful in their chosen field proving that their learning disability has nothing to do with intelligence. They are not only gifted and creative but they also have the determination to overcome their learning disability to be successful. If you suspect that you have the symptoms of dyslexia, an individual assessment for dyslexia in adults is a basic step in getting the necessary treatment for you.

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Adult Dyslexia? Go Read About It (A Story About Overcoming Dyslexia)

The word bed looks like a bed. See it written on paper and you can easily draw a stickman sleep on it. His head lies softly on the curve on the 'b' his feet resting on the roundness of the 'd.' Turn the 'd' or 'b' around and the stickman can longer sleep. Every time I am writing, this thought crosses my mind. It is how I know what direction I should place 'd' or 'b.' I learned this when I was eight. At that time I felt very much a part of my school class, unaware the sands were moving around me.

I could never learn my alphabet and to this day I have no idea about the times table. I did not realize the other children were learning and retaining this knowledge. I enjoyed going for the test, hearing test, IQ test, eye test were all time from school. It was a blessing I could not read the paper they produced diagnosing me as dyslexic, as it saved me from seeing the liberal use of the words backward and retarded. My parents now knew never to expect me to read and write.

By ten I was apart of remedial classes. I hated my handwriting and regretted the first mark made on the first white page of an exercise book. Once I touched it, it was ruined, soiled. In secondary school remedial classes were out of favor and I was part of a 30 plus class. A non-reading, non-writing member, silent and withdrew. It was a tangible fantasy to walk to school and see it burnt to the ground. Instead day in and day out it engulfed me. I walked close to the corridor walls wishing to disappear. For most part this wish came true as no one tried to know me or teach me. I never read an assigned book. I badly wrote essays if I wrote at all and I passed each year.

Once a week I saw a speech therapist at the hospital. She sat with me and I stammered my way through plastic covered large print stories. When she stopped seeing seeing me I began to see a woman who was dyslexic, she focused on teaching me everyday words to help me get by. I was not getting by. I was deeply in hate with myself. Living my days in dread, acutely aware of all that was wrong with me in every given moment. I saw being dyslexic as a fault line that ran through the very core of who I was. I dropped out of school, but you can not drop out of the world of reading and writing, or the view that it is dumb people who can not read or write. The weight of this was too much and my hand was paralysed each time I held a pen.

Behind closed doors I began to read, slowly, painfully, joyfully. Over the years the pent up fear of a large looming teacher making me read aloud to a staring smirking class began to fade and what was left was an evolving love of the written word.

It still took years for me to pick up a pen.

To be continued ….

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Causes of Dyslexia – What Do We Know About It?

As many as 1 person in every 10 has some form of dyslexia. Dyslexia is a condition marked by difficulties of processing visual data. It results in problems with reading and with processing certain types of visual information. The causes of dyslexia have been under intense study during the last 25 years. So what do we know about it? What causes dyslexia? Can it be cured? What can be done about it?

Researchers now believe that, at base, dyslexia is a neuronal migration disorder that affects the development of the human brain. Neurons, the nerve cells that make up the brain's neural network, are developed out of stem cells some distance from where they need to extremely end up.

This distance can be many thousands of times the diameter of these cells. Proper neural development requires that these cells migrate, move over from where they are formed, to where they are optimally required to be. In the brains of people with dyslexia, some of these neural cells have not migrated to their proper place, judging by where they are in the brains of non-dyslexics. Why did this happen? The often the causes can be many and varied.

The kind of neuronal migration problem that apparently causes dyslexia can come from some sort of shock or disruption, or the breakdown and failure of certain signals from the genetic code that does not get transmitted or interpreted properly.

These disruptions do not all share the same cause. They can be caused by infections, mechanical injury to the brain, toxic exposure, intrauterine strokes, even by genetic factors. However, in all cases, they reflect an upset to the developing brain during gestation, some time between 16 and 24 weeks. So whether or not a given individual will be dyslexic appears to have already been determined well before they are born.

There is also a genetic link. Recent studies suggest that the gene known as DCDC2 may be a major causative factor in up to 20 percent of dyslexia cases. Whether the gene causes dyslexia or sets up conditions that allow it to develop is still unclear.

Can dyslexia be cured? No. Can it be invented? Maybe. Can its effects be overcome? Certainly.

Researchers are working feverishly to understand exactly what goes wrong with the neuronal migrations. They want to understand how these migrations are supposed to work, what makes them go right. And how to prevent any deviations that may be causes of dyslexia.

What can be done about it? A great deal, once enough testing has been done to properly identify it. Each case is different, so a detailed diagnosis is needed to determine the type of dyslexia and its severity. Armed with that information therapists and teachers can go to work, help the dyslexic to overcome the problems.

The human brain is marvelously complex and adaptive. There are multiple neural pathways; if one path does not work as well as it should, then another can be developed to compensate. (Follow a link below and read the story of Barry Ball, aged 51, to better understand)

The problem is that 90-95% of adult dyslexics are unaware that dyslexia is their problem. Long ago they got classified as “slow learners” or “a bit dense” and it has followed them all of their lives. They struggle with the condition, try to hide it even, but have come to accept that they are “different”.

If they could be tested and diagnosed, there are ways around almost all of the problems that stem from dyslexia. There is almost nothing that non-dyslexics can accomplish that diagnosed dyslexics can not. So what can be done about it? We can continue to study, research and better understand the causes of dyslexia.

Anyone with any possibilities of having the condition should be tested. Once tested, if any dyslexia is found, they should be thoroughly diagnosed. And then started on the road to overcoming their dyslexic problems, realizing their full potential and living a full, joyous and prosperous life!

For additional info about dyslexia and the causes of dyslexia, follow the links below …

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Dyslexia in Children – Computer Games Provide Easy Detection

The National Institute of Health (NIH) estimates that 1 in every 10 children today has dyslexia and 1 in every 166 has autism. 74% of the dyslexic children who are undiagnosed in the second grade, remain undetected and undiagnosed into adulthood.

Early identification and diagnosis of dyslexia is the key to minimizing its negative effects and to getting the child on the right road to dealing with the problems and overcoming them. Furthermore, early diagnosis of dyslexia in children is an important key to reducing adult dyslexia. The developers say they made and calibrated the dyslexia and autism detection games because millions of children with autism and dyslexia go through our school systems undetected. That means there are millions of people who probably can not develop their full potential because they lack knowledge of their condition.

Dyslexia in children is made more difficult to detect because children dislike tests, especially if they know that they are the ones being tested! Also, the kinds of things to test for changes as the child gets older and developers further. Testing has to be age-group specific.

So the series of computer games used in testing are divided into six levels to account for age-related differences. All are based on low stress, low anxiety and are used in an atmosphere of fun and rewarding game exercises. The children being tested are totally unaware that they are being tested.

Using this approach results in a more accurate measure of a child's ability or dysfunctional disorder. Each level of computer games measures the age-appropriate developmental skills that are necessary to complete the game at hand. The testing is done entirely through playing fun computer games that children love to play. The games are available in both home-use and classroom-use versions and run on any MS Windows system. They come with complete instructions, are simple to use and economic to buy.

Most other diagnostic tools to detect autism and dyslexia in children are based on board games, or expensive testing. They act and feel more like diagnostic tools and are thus more complicated and stressful to use. Other diagnostic tools can cost 2 to 3 times as much. And, they do not provide instant feedback.

The computer games, on the other hand, are fun, interactive games that children enjoy playing over and over again and the feedback is instantly available. If a child's performance shows signs of developmental issues, the testers know that diagnosis by a trained health care professional is needed.

Computer games for testing for autism and dyslexia in children look very promising as a valuable additional tool for early detection of these disorders. For more information on adult dyslexia and dyslexia in children, follow the links below …

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Dyslexia Treatment Apparently Works Very Well – Is It a Cure?

Sometimes innovations come from learned men in laboratories. Other times they come from positive-thinking people with a burning desire to do something and who lack the education to know that it can not be done. Consider the examples set by Wilber and Orville Wright, Thomas Edison and many others …

Now a businessman in Coventry, England, named Wynford Dore has come up with a dyslexia treatment that is getting amazing results. Mr. Dore was not an expert in medicine, but his daughter Susie, now 35, suffering from dyslexia so severe she tried to commit suicide. A concerned Father, he set out to DO something. Mr Dore has been quoted as saying, “Experts have argued for 50 years about whether dyslexia exists or not.

“My daughter Susie attempted to take her own life while the so-called experts argued among them. We focused on solving the problem rather than arguing about its existence.” [Typical no-nonsense direct approach that drives the Academicians and PhD's wild. At the time the Wright brothers made their audacious experience at Kitty Hawk, learned men in famous Universities were arguing over aerodynamic theories, some of which 'proved' that a bumblebee could not fly …]

The dyslexia treatment that Mr. Dore came up with is aimed at improving co-ordination. It uses an exercise regimen to stimulate the cerebellum section of the brain. Inspiration came from exercises developed for astronauts, who seem to develop temporary dyslexia-like symptoms with long periods in space.

On the surface, the exercises, like tossing a bean bag from hand to hand, walking down stairs backwards with your eyes closed, or standing on a ball, seem to have little to do with reading. But recent controlled studies in England incorporating school children with dyslexia and ADHD, have demonstrated amazing results. The experts are slack-jawed with astonishment! Dyslexic subjects who earlier only progressed 7 months in a year, after taking the “brain gym” dyslexia treatment, completed 20 months of reading training in the next similar time period.

Furthermore, 10 out of 12 with ADHD shown no symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder afterwards. 80% of the dyslexic students were symptom-free. Some of the teachers of the dyslexic and ADHD students tested them afterwards and pronouncing them as being apparently “cured”!

Furthermore, the dyslexic students taking the dyslexia treatment-training continued their progress in the third year of the studies, some even progressing faster than their non-dyslexic classmates!

Mr. Dole has founded a chain of training centers (11 or more at this point) to offer dyslexia treatment in an 18 month course now available in parts of England. He points out that his dyslexia treatment is drug-free and that risk free.

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Stuttering Forums – The New Generation Of Stuttering Therapy

I can not believe I have just discovered the power of stuttering forums . I am 36 years old and have stuttered as long as I can remember. I have struggled through a number of different stuttering treatments over the years, and it always feels like the cure is worse than the disease. Its hard enough that stuttering is a sentence to never-ending embarrassment, but the treatments I have tried in clinics have seemed even worse. Its one thing to sound funny through a stutter which is apparently out of our control, but it's a different thing altogether to be sounding strange on purpose. It goes against every fiber in my body and like so many other stutterers, I just can not bring myself to do it.

Previously, a stutter almost guaranteed a life of solitude and loneliness, but then stuttering forums came along. For the first time in my life, I feel like my stutter does not define who I am as a person. A stutter is something I have, not something I am. By having like-minded people to talk to 24 hours a day, I am always just an internet connection away from someone that understands me and everything I go through with a stutter.

Stuttering forums also allow a whole stuttering community to share resources, compare stuttering programs and treatments, get advice on good books to read, and also speak to speech professionals from the comfort and safety of my own home. For the first time in my life I feel like I have the confidence and support to beat this thing.

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Childhood Stuttering – The Best – Worst Day Of My Life

Growing up as a stuttering child , sometimes normal schooling activities have a way of coming back to haunt you for a long time. This is one of my school stories.

When I was in 4th form in New Zealand (Year 11 I think), I had one of the worst / best days of my life. Our class was reading Shakespeare, and each person was randomly chosen by the teacher to read a part out of the book for 15-30 minutes. As a stutterer with an agonizing fear of public speaking , I simply died each and every time the teacher was choosing someone new for a part. All I could think about was how painful and long these 30 minutes of hell would be for someone like me that would struggle with each and every word when put in front of a crowd. I could not picture anything more painful. This slow torture went on for a grueling 3 1-hour periods of English over 3 days. It was all I could think about, even during other subjects and at home. I had to take hot baths just to tie the tension building up in my shoulders and neck. There seemed to be no escaping it.

Slowly we were getting through the class one by one, each time knowing that my turn was drawing nearer. Then something strange happened. The teacher stood up and asked if everyone had read. Nobody replied, so we moved on to a new English topic. My dreaded nightmare was over. I could not believe it. For days / weeks / months afterwards I could feel myself getting torn apart by the most powerful yet mixed emotions I had ever felt. I had such euphoria that I did not have to embarrass myself with the longest 30 minutes of my life, and at the same time I have never felt so excluded and abnormal at the same time. Was it so painful to watch me struggle that the teacher would rather leave me out? If it was an intentional decision on his part, I'm sure he did it to protect me, but was sacrificing my education and school experiences the answer. I know I am more than probably over-reading ever aspect of the situation, but when emotions are so high, logic very rarely plays a part. It is now well over 20 years later, and I still remember that week like it was yesterday.

I know there is a million different lessons I could learn from it, but the part that sticks with me is the powerful mixed emotions. Sometimes you are harmed if you do and damaged if you do not. Please from this what you wish. I just wanted to share my story.

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Stuttering Breathing

Stuttering or stammering is a condition which causes the person suffering from it to lengthen words, parts of words or sentences. Although stuttering is either a disease nor a disability, it tends to impede the development of the individual going through it because of the consequences of it. Although there is no sure fire way to treat stuttering, certain activities can aid in getting rid of this problem.

There is no concrete evidence to show what causes stuttering but some of the reasons by which stuttering is caused can be attributed to psychological uneasiness, nervousness and tightening of the vocal muscles. When a person stutters, it is usually accompanied by short spasms of breath. It has nothing to do with stuttering but it is because of the nervousness caused by it. When a person stutters, the fluency in his speech is broken which makes it harder for him to continue with his talking. Generally, our minds think as fast as we speak and sometimes even fluent speakers will not be able to convey the desired information in the correct manner. In the same way, it can not be expected from a person who stutters. Here with the rapid flow of thoughts and with non-fluency in speech, it makes the person more anxious because it causes him to breathe more profusely.

Previously, the only connection between breathing and stuttering was the one explained above. But this was only till the McGuire program came along. This introduced a new way of preventing stuttering through a special type of breathing called the Costal breathing. Also called diaphragmatic breathing, this method expands the thorax while breathing it inflating the lungs with air. This causes the ribs to move up and down thus injecting air into the lungs. This type of breathing proposition by Dave McGuire supposedly relieves the stammering problem.

Although this is not a prescribed cure or treatment, Costal breathing or shallow breathing has been found to provide stutterers with temporary relief. Although some specialists claim it is just a trick to overcome stammering for a little while, stutterers are known to use this type of breathing as it gives them incredible relief for a certain amount of time. But this type of breathing has to be done in the right way with the apt mental balance to achieve proper results. It can be safely said that Costal breathing helps stutterers in getting a short-term reply from the problem plaguing them always.

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Stuttering Caffeine Link

Stuttering is a condition experienced by some people while speaking, wherein they tend to prolong a few words or parts of words. Also known as stammering, the exact cause of this condition is not known even to physicians and specialists in this field. The problem of stuttering is assumed by specialists to be caused by numerous factors and it is can also sometimes be caused by the excessive intake of caffeine. Although caffeine can not be considered to be one of the primary causes of stuttering, it could aggravate the problem of stammering.

Regular intake of caffeine is known to have an adverse effect on people who stutter. Various studies have shown that when the intake of caffeine becomes excessive, an area of ​​the brain is found to contain high levels of Dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for activating the pleasure center of the brain and when it is present in huge amounts, it tends to have an effect which may or may not affect stuttering. Also, caffeine can sometimes stimulate vocal tensions which further increase stuttering.

The consequences of caffeine take are not the same in all stutterers. While some may feel that the intake of caffeine does not harm them, some others swear by the fact that their stuttering increases with caffeine intake. It can be assumed that the level of consumption of caffeine plays an important part in such cases; a high portion may be the cause of an undesired bout of stuttering. Here, stutterers must watch the amount of caffeine taken to pro-actively prevent stuttering difficulties.

Since stuttering is more prominent in the childhood and because of the link known between stuttering and caffeine, it is better to avoid caffeine and sugary foods in children's diet. Typically, the amount of stuttering decreases as years go by, but this must not mean that the precautions against caffeine can be evaded. This is because caffeine may induce the stuttering effect in former stutters because causing an inconvenience.

The removal of caffeine from diet has known to completely eliminate the stuttering problem in some children, so proving there is a link between stuttering and caffeine and since showing that it is best that it is not included in the diet. As the saying goes, “Prevention is better than cure”, and it is always advisable to refrain from taking caffeine, than to consume it and then face the trouble of stuttering.

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Dyslexia Testing – How Can You Know If You Are Dyslexic Or Not?

We did not really begin to understand dyslexia until about 25 years ago. And up until 10-15 years ago school children were not regularly screened for the condition … or were not screened at all. And so the 10% of the population who are dyslexic and finished elementary school before screening began have never been tested or diagnosed.

It is estimated that 90-95% of adult dyslexics have never gone through dyslexia testing and are unaware of the reason for their differences. Most learned to hide their condition and became “closet dyslexics” without even knowing what dyslexia really was.

Today there are very few or no programs to identify and help adult dyslexics. Ironically, many go through dyslexia testing only after their school-age children are diagnosed with the condition. Knowing that there is a genetic link, the professionals in education frequently suggest dyslexia testing for everyone in the family.

There are two levels of dyslexia testing: screening, which is general in nature and goes broad and shallow in its preliminary look, and professional thorough testing, which is specific, in depth and tests for multiple possible problems. Screening tests are mostly questionnaires.

Sometimes, as in elementary school students, it's class position, where reading skills are tested and perhaps all the students in the lower half or quartile of reading skills are screened for dyslexia. In these cases the basis for the screening is demonstrable reading skills or the lack of good results in reading skills.

Thorough testing is done one-on-one with a trained professional expert who will test for each of the known different types of dyslexia. Today there is even adult dyslexia testing online, which can be done in the privacy of your own home or office; anywhere you have an Internet connection.

An online dyslexia test, designed by experts and tested and calibrated against know dyslexics, non-dyslexics and control groups is a fast, economic solution. It's expensive to develop but the reach and low cost of the Internet make it convenient for everyone and economic to use.

So are YOU dyslexic? If you want to know, you do not have to travel to a far clinic somewhere and pay a cost specialist to test you. You can just go on the Internet and spend a half-hour or so focussed on the on-screen exercises, tests and questions, and you will know right away.

If this dyslexia testing identifies problems, you will then just need to consult a specialist to show you how to deal with and get around the challenges that presents. The results are frequently spectacular and life-changing!

And if the dyslexia testing find nothing? Why then you will know! You can then cross that off your list as a possible problem and go on to other things!

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Job Opportunities For Speech Language Pathologist

Speech is integral to communication, the primary tool of personal communication, and one of the most basic of functions required of human beings. A certified speech language pathologist / therapist detects disorders impairing speech, language, meaningful and sensible communication, and even problems with voice, swallowing and fluency, evaluating them appropriately. The speech language pathologist works with:

o people who can not produce legitimate speech sounds, individuals suffering from stuttering and other speech rhythm and fluency problems, and those with voice disorders including inappropriate pitch and harsh voice.

o those experiencing problems with understanding and producing language, and individuals seeking to improve their communication skills by modifying their accent.

o deeper physical problems such as cognitive communication problems that affect the individual's capacity for attention, memorizing and solving problems.

Speech language pathologists are either employed full-time by schools or hospitals, or put up a private practice and work on a contract basis in hospitals and schools.

Job opportunities for speech language pathologists are set to grow as fast as the average for all occupations (around 11%) for the next ten years. The reasons for the projected growth are many.

o There is a growing number of aging individuals of the baby boomer generation with the possibility of various disorders involving with age, including speech, language and swallowing impairments.

o The survival rate of premature infants as well as trauma and stroke victims continues to rise with advances in medical technology.

o Elementary and secondary school enrollments will include among them students requiring special education and treatment in speech and language disorders, especially since the law guarantees special education to those who need.

o Greater emphasis is being placed now on the early identification and treatment of speech and language disorders.

The importance of early detection of speech and language disorders highlights the significance of the role of the speech language pathologist in the growth of an affected individual, as he seeks to break the shackles.

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Exciting Careers As Speech Language Pathologists

The more the significance of speech language pathology is realized, the more opportunities for exciting practitioners arise for speech language pathologists. Speech language pathology is a serious task, on which could hinge the successful physical and emotional development of a child, the rehabilitation of a trauma-hit person, the emotional stability of the affected individual, and the happiness of the family to which the individual belongs . The task there before involves dedication, intension concentration, patience, and a personal desire to help the individual get back to his feet.

With greater emphasis placed on early detection of speech and language disorders in a child, and Federal law guaranteeing treatment of disorders in schools, elementary and secondary schools will require more speech language pathologists either employed full time or on a contract basis. Thanks to the increasing number of the aging baby boomer generation, hospitals have many aging individuals with neurological problems that could bring about speech and language disorders, among other issues. An increasing number of victims of accidents are surviving thanks to advances in medicine. These individuals may also require speech language pathology to get back to their normal life.

o About half of the 110,000 jobs held in 2006 by speech language pathologists were in educational services supervising preschools and elementary and secondary schools.

o Most of the remaining jobs were in hospitals, nursing care centers, home health care and individual and family services, outpatient care centers and child day care centers.

o The rest of the employed speech language pathologists held private practice, working on a contract basis in schools, hospitals, doctors' offices and other institutions, even as industry consultants.

For exciting practitioners as speech language pathologists, you should ideally have a Master's degree in speech language therapy course accredited by the Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology. Jobs in certain states require a license or registration. Speech language therapists willing to relocate to the place of the job could also land themselves attractive careers.

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Are You Considering A Job In Speech Pathology?

A speech pathologist or a speech therapist fatigue individuals grappling with communication problems associated with the voice, fluency, language and speech, most often caused by accidents, cleft palate, delayed development, mental retardation, hearing loss, emotional problems, cerebral palsy, brain injury and stroke.

Are you considering a job in speech pathology? Those aspiring for jobs as speech pathologists are offered university courses that cover topics such as acoustics, assessment, anatomy, counseling, hearing aids, hearing disorders, language development, language disorders, neurology, neurophysiology, linguistics, non vocal communication, psychological disorders, parent training, phonetics, statistics, speech disorders, voice disorders, stuttering etc. These courses equip you with the knowledge required to diagnose and assess the actual cause of the communication problem and implement an effective treatment plan.

Where Can Speech Language Pathologists Work?

Speech-language pathologists can practice privately or work in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, child development centers, speech and hearing dispensaries, clinics for the developmentally disabled, schools, colleges, universities, government agencies, research laboratories, industry and health departments. They need to work closely with others related to the patient such as parents, teachers, nurses, and doctors.

Speech pathologists require a graduation or advance degree in an accredited speech therapy program. A valid certificate to prove clinical experience is also needed to practice in different locations. Speech pathologists can work anywhere in the world, from rural centers to urban communities.

Scope of the Job

Ten percentage of the world population has some sort of communication disorders. This ten percentage of the population, spread out in different parts of the world, requires the service of speech pathologists for their recovery. Speech pathologists can provide them an enjoyable and meaningful living by giving them the necessary treatment.

As the services of speech pathologists are extremely valuable, they are offered high salary and benefits everywhere in the world. Speech therapist job opportunities are growing day by day, compared to most of the other professions.

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Stuttering Anguish

Not many disorders can be as annoying as stuttering, rather known as a specific case of speech disorder. This speech disorder can not be termed as a disability but it is simply a case of non-fluent speaking where people suffering from it tend to stammer while pronouncing certain words or syllables. In most cases, stutterers stumble while pronouncing difficult words or elongate the vowels. Although stuttering can be mentioned as a simple case of speech disorder, the trauma undergone by the stutterers is not something which is easy to get over. Also not knowing the cause of the problem and not having a prescribed cure for it does not help the cause of stutterers much.

The problems faced by stutterers in their day to day life are innumerable. The first problem faced by the stutterers is within them. Stutterers find that they are not able to communicate as fast as their minds think and these leads them to feel the frustration and anger over themselves. Although they want to get over their disorder and get on with life, it becomes impossible for them to do so with their recurrence stuttering problem.

But the major problem faced by stutterers is in the form of their society and the environment they live in. The society does not understand the difficulties faced by stutterers and considerers them only as a piece of joke. The society does not realize the psychological and emotional suffering undergone by the stutterers. In most places, a stutterer is just made fun of, ridiculed or imitated and it is expected of the stutterer to take all of that in a sense of jest. The anguish of the stutterers is not understood by many and not many know that the ridiculing and teasing can completely change the personality of the stutterer.

Most stutterers tend to keep to themselves or develop a reserved nature to avoid communication with others. Some other stutterers develop a short temper which makes them unfriendly and are even more teased in their surroundings. The society must try and identify with the anguish of the stutterers and help them in every way possible to help them overcome the problem. There can be enormous hidden potential in a stutterer which may not have come out due to the taunting he / she had experienced in earlier years. With the right amount of encouragement and support, stutterers will be able to get rid of their problem and get along well in the society.

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Dyslexia Testing – Gateway to a Whole New Life?

Approximately 10-15% of the population has some form of dyslexia. That is somewhere between 1 in every 10 people and 1 in every 6.7 people. Dyslexia is a neurological condition that affects the way signals from your eyes get interpreted in the brain. Symptoms vary, the exact effects are different for every dyslexic.

But it usually manifests itself in difficulties in reading, transcribing numbers or letters and / or the ability to spell words that you can speak or that you hear spoken. Most elementary schools now routinely screen students for dyslexia, but this is a recent advance, common only in the last 10 – 15 years.

The screening is a fairly simple series of tests designed to identify possible dyslexics. Once possible problems are detected, full dyslexia testing is done to find out if the student is or is not dyslexic. Detailed tests will show which forms of dyslexia, if any, are present, what exactly problems does the student have.

Once identified, these problems can be deal with and overcome. Special training and exercises enable the dyslexic student to by pass the difficulties and learn in his or her own way. With a little help, students are able to overcome dyslexia's difficulties and move on to its advantages (Yes, there ARE advantages!)

Many famous people are dyslexic but they overcame the problems and went on to make great contributions to society and the world. The list of famous dyslexics is very long. It includes such people as Albert Einstein, physicist, Sir. Richard Branson, entrepreneur, Tom Cruise, actor, and Cher, singer and actress.

Those of us who graduated from elementary school more than 15 years ago did not have the benefits of what science has now taught educators about dyslexia and how to overcome it. There was no dyslexia testing. We had to deal with it on our own, which is difficult. Because we learned differently we were often poorly treated.

The Japanese have a saying, “The tallest nail gets hammered”. Dyslexic students were criticized, branded as “slow learners”, “does not apply him / herself” or worse: “dull”, “slow” or “stupid”. This unfair treatment gave most of them feelings of inadequacy and shame. They hid their differences, had problems with self esteem.

95% of adult dyslexics are not aware that the problems that they live with stem from dyslexia. They hide their problems and abilities, suffer in silence. They do this not knowing that they can do almost anything that anyone else can so long as they go through dyslexia testing. And get the simple training that dyslexics need.

Do you or anyone you know have problems reading, spelling, transcribing words and letters accurately? These problems may come from dyslexia. You will not know until you or they get tested to find out for sure. This is fast, costs less than dinner for two in a mid-priced restaurant and can be made online from anywhere you have Internet access.

A dyslexia testing session lasts about half an hour, can be taken from the privacy of your home and can be the gateway to a whole new life! Once diagnosed, all the previous problems can be overcome and you can begin to achieve your full potential …

Think about it. Perform a life-changing act! Get tested!

For more information about dyslexia testing and adult dyslexia tests, follow the links below …

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